Puberty and menopause can be challenging to women especially when it comes to emotional and physical changes. Still, everyone experiences these changes in weight, shape, and other physical traits. The body goes through evolutions which are completely normal, and some of the factors that contribute to these evolutions are age, childbearing, and hormone levels. There are no two women in the world who are the same, meaning that the changes they go through are also unique.
PCOS -Polycystic ovary syndrome is a problem in which a woman’s hormones are out of balance. It can cause problems with your periods and make it difficult to get pregnant. PCOS also may cause unwanted changes in the way you look. If it isn’t treated, over time it can lead to serious health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease. About 2 – 20 percent of the female population is affected with PCOS, mostly at the age between 18 and 44, depending on which symptoms are used to define it.
Hormones are chemical messengers that trigger many different processes, including growth and energy production. Often, the job of one hormone is to signal the release of another hormone. For reasons that are not well understood, in PCOS the hormones get out of balance. One hormone change triggers another, which changes another. For example:
The sex hormones get out of balance. Normally, the ovaries make a tiny amount of male sex hormones (androgens). In PCOS, they start making slightly more androgens. This may cause you to stop ovulating, get acne, and grow extra facial and body hair.
The body may have a problem using insulin, called insulin resistance. When the body doesn’t use insulin well, blood sugar levels go up. Over time, this increases your chance of getting diabetes.
Symptoms of PCOS?
- Irregular menstruation
- Acne, oily skin
- Weight gain
- Abundant body hair
- Anxiety or depression
Here’s what you can do to prevent or treat PCOS?
- Daily exercise
- Healthy diet
- Weight control
- Less sugar
- More magnesium
- Quit smoking